Yazd

Yazd province is one of the ancient lands of Iranian tribes and has a legendary heritage of ancient culture and history of 3,000 years old. The rocky foundations found in the Shirkou valleys, the mountains of Mount Ernan and the discovered pottery in Naryn-e Qala Meybod, the numerous caves of the province and ancient buildings, and the works of ancient architecture and urbanism, and the memorials of ancient Persian religions, such as the holy ceremony and Anahita prayer, Which is dispersed in the corners of this province, is evidence of this. Settlement in this country was also at the same time as the beginning of agriculture in places such as Mehr Padin (Mehriz), Pohreh (Fahraj), Khormesh (Khormiz), Ard (Ardakan), Shawaz, Mobadan (Meybod).

1-1- Background and historical record:

In about subject The age of settlement and civilization in this land exceeds the third millennium BC. The first center of civilization (Qanat) has developed in the beginning of this millennium in Yazd. The word Yazd is an ancient name which is rooted in Yasht, Yazat or Yasson, and has been mixed with concepts such as prayer, worship, and god, and it may have been unbelievable that, in some old texts, Yazd was “Dar al-‘Ebad” or “Dar al-‘Ebadeh” also called.

According to various historians, they attributed the municipality to the Alexander of Macedonia (in view of the existence of Alexander’s prison), Pesadadian and the Sassanid (Yazdard I). Greek historians have described the ancient and ancient city of Yazd as “Isatis”, possibly after its destruction, the city of “kassah”. “Kasah” was the core of the current city of Yazd and the center of government and economy of the Yazd region in the Islamic centuries. Yazd city after Venice Italy is the second most historic city in the world for its red brick architecture and has become world famous.

1-2. Location and extent:

Yazd province with an area of ​​130458 square kilometers (8% of the country’s total) is the third largest province of the country, located in the central part of the Iranian plateau on the margin of the plains of Lut desert, between 52 degrees and 50 minutes to 58 degrees and 16 minutes east longitude, and 29 Degrees 35 minutes to 35 degrees 7 minutes north latitude and is adjacent to the provinces of Semnan from the northwest, Isfahan to the west, Fars to the south and southwest, Khorasan Jubili from the east, Khorasan Zarazi to the north, and the Kerman to the east and south east. In terms of political-administrative divisions, this province has 11 districts, 22 districts, 51 rural districts and 24 urban centers. The following map describes how it is dispersed.

1-3. Natural features:

  • Climate :

Yazd province is climatically located in the dry area, with hot and dry summers, and cold and dry winters.

For the dominant winds in Yazd, in the first six months of the year, from the North West and from November to Bahman in the direction of the southeast, and in the two months of March and March, is the west.

The average rainfall in the Yazd city is 65 mm and in the province is 108 mm. The maximum temperature is 47 and the minimum is -20 ° C, and the average sunshine is estimated to be 3369 hours during the year.

The presence of desert spatial and mountainous areas has led to a variety of climate in Yazd province. High and mountainous regions receive more rain due to the Urographic phenomenon. High altitude also reduces its temperature, therefore, the semi-arid and semi-humid climates have a high altitude. The existence of the Jangal Shirkouh and its beautiful hills have a special advantage for tourism development, which will lead to industrial development and urbanization of the province and the region.

lnequality :

Yazd province is diverse in terms of postage and height, including desert, high mountain and highland types.

 The height of its different points varies from about 600 meters above sea level (Tabas plain) to 4055 meters (Shirkooh). Elevation densities extending to the northwest of the southeast are three separate disciplines continuing the central Iranian sequence. In addition, the southern and northern mountains are also scattered throughout the province. The highest point in the southwest is Yazd, which has a climate impact on the region. The existence of these heights has diversified the province geomorphologically, and despite its desert, it has created significant areas in the highlands of the province, which has expanded mainly in Taft, Mehriz and Bahabad.

Middle to the highlands of the province are plains and deserts. In general, the most important deserts of the world are located within the Iranian plateau, which is a sedimentary and vast plain of Yazd Ardakan, one of its geographical index basins. The plain extends from the slopes of the Shirkhahh to the south, and continues at a distance of more than one hundred kilometers with a gentle gradient to the desert of Sinikouh in the north of the province.

 Dashtkavir, Kavir-e-Baghand, Torkak, Marvost, Chahad Bahadoran, Anjir valley, Al-Ahabad, Zarrin and Sankokh are other important desert areas of the province.

Geology :

Geologically, Yazd has the oldest geological structure (Precambrian) to its youngest, Holocene, and is part of central Iran with many characteristics. A very small area of ​​southern province in the southern part of Herat is part of the Zagros region. There are more than 52 mineral deposits, 35 natural caves and several geomorphologic phenomena due to the geological characteristics of the province that can be related to the development of industrial and mineral activities, tourism, etc.

Protected areas :

Yazd province has 1 national park (Siakoh), 3 wildlife sanctuaries (Naybandantabes, Burvia Khatam, Daryanjirardan), 4 protected areas (Bafq Mountain, Shadi Khatam Forest Park, Kalmand Bahadoran, Sardokhan Ardakan), 5 prohibited hunting grounds (Shirkh Taft , Bazaar, Ariz Bafgh, Shahid Khatam Forest Garden, Abkuru Garden of Khorasan) and a national natural effect (Sarik Abarkuh).

Altogether about 17.6% of the province’s area (2.297.000 hectares) is managed as an area under the management of the environment (non-protected).

The desert ecosystems of Yazd province are one of the most valuable native and valuable wildlife habitats such as Iranian Ahoy, Jabir, Asian cheetahs, Caracal, Hobara, Ughurrahs, Bullfighters, and a variety of valuable birds.

The existence of wildlife habitats and plant and animal diversity, natural attractions and the possibility of developing ecotourist and naturalist industries in the province, the existence of unique examples of natural ecosystems in the province, and the presence of natural forests with rare and endemic trees as genetic reserves, including capabilities and potentials Areas of the province are considered.

Vegetation:

About 95% of the province’s area consists of natural resources, which includes more than 6.6 million hectares of deserts, sandy beaches and deserts, 5.5 million hectares of pasture lands with varying degrees of vegetation and nearly 426 thousand hectares of natural forests and cultivations.

There is a diverse situation in terms of vegetation type in the province. In low and low plains with warm and dry climate, species such as Salmon, Ashanan, Halal, Gaz and Skambill are found in more favorable conditions with more vegetable diversity than Artemisia, Scissor, Pernandez, Goose Beet and Wild Lettuce. In the areas prone to the province, we are witnessing the emergence of valuable plants such as Chubak, Ghor and Mirhosin, which is one of the main types of pastures in the province. Some of these species, such as Angus, Gon and Washa, are considered to be medicinal and medicinal herbs.

Under favorable weather conditions, the limited and valuable forests of the province, such as Alamand and Baneh (Khatam), badameshk forests, Seno (Tabas) forests and Aras in the Bajgan area (Bafegh), are formed.

 The existence of these forests is very important in order to moderate the climate, prevent soil erosion, control of surface water and groundwater, as well as its recreational value.

The province’s forests, Marvost, Herat, Siakoh, Bafgh, Daryanjir and Behbad have been planted with vegetable, gaz and atriplex shrubs, which have had great effects in preventing desertification and mooring.

1-4. Administrative divisions- Political:

Abarkuh(Abar Mount)

Abarkuh(Abar Mount) city is located 140 km from the west of the province with an area of ​​5381 km2 and a population of 43595 people. The city consists of two parts: central and avalanche and four rural districts.

The livelihood of people in Abarkuh city is mainly through activities in agriculture, services and industry.

The main surface of Abkuru cave is wheat and pistachio (the second major product of Abarkuh). Other aboriginal garden products include apricot, pomegranate, grape, eggplant, onion and cantaloupe. Poultry and dairy products are also considered as other economic activities in the traditional way.

Among the tourist attractions and sights of the city in addition to the ancient city of the city, the four thousand-year-old servant Abarkuh, Aghazadeh house, Gonbad-e-Ali, Chaghrasb mosque, Abarkuh mosque, Sabz-Poush Tomb, Abakuh glacier.

The geographical location and connection with the centers of the provinces of Fars, Isfahan, Kohgiluyeh and Boyerahmad have turned the city into the gateway of the province’s trade from the western direction. Having industrial infrastructure (the existence of settlements and industrial areas), gas transmission line, expert and efficient specialists in the field of industry and mining, numerous mines of construction and fossils, feldspar, marble and marble, the convenient access of producers to target markets, the interest of the capitalists in the region to invest In the industrial sector, the presence of suitable weather in different months of the year is considered as the capabilities and potential of the city. Enjoying incentives for less developed areas is one of the other benefits of this city.

Ardakan:

Ardakan is located 60 km northwest of the capital city with an area of ​​23,806 km2 and with a population of 73292 people. The city has three parts and five rural districts, Ardakan is one of the most important areas of production of pistachio, rhinos and pomegranates of the province, and camel and poultry farming and industrial dairy farming also have a special boom in this area.

The city has a brilliant historical and cultural background, and there are many great scholars and monuments and numerous historical buildings including caravansaries (Raghushi, Robat-e-Pashtabam, Sangyanjireh, Allahabadi), Ardakan mosque, Zoroastrian shrines including Pyhriyasht, Pirkesh Chekchak and Pierre Parsbano. This is a claim.

Ardakan is located 60 km northwest of the capital city with an area of ​​23,806 km2 and with a population of 73292 people. The city has three parts and five rural districts, Ardakan is one of the most important areas of production of pistachio, rhinos and pomegranates of the province, and camel and poultry farming and industrial dairy farming also have a special boom in this area.

The city has a lively historical and cultural background, and there are numerous diners and great scholars and numerous works and monuments including caravans (Raghushi, Robat-e-Pashtabam, Sangiyanjireh, Allahabadi), Ardakan mosque, Zoroastrian shrines including Pyhriyasht, Pirkesh Chekchak and Pierre Parsbano This is a testitony to this claim.

The huge and large iron and steel industries, the huge industrial and mineral complexes of Chadormalou, the textile industry, machine building, food, tiling and glass making, are among the great potential of this city.

Capacity of industrial development, especially steel industry, the possibility of mineral development due to the presence of rich iron minerals, uranium, decorative stones, industrial soil, having industrial infrastructure (Ardakan Industrial Town and industrial zone of Agda), being in transit routes and long history in The field of handicrafts is among the capabilities and potential of this city. The advantages of the less developed areas in the Kharandagh area are also among the advantages of the city.

Bafegh:

In the southeastern corner of the province, it is 118 km long with an area of ​​8446 km2 and with a population of 40288 people. This city consists of a central part of the village. Due to its historical record, there are numerous pilgrimage and touristic centers that can be found at Imamzadeh Abdullah ibn Musa ibn Ja’far, the tomb of Ghazi Mirjafar, Jami Bafg Mosque, a house of fear. Due to the presence of palm trees in the area, palm handicrafts in this city are booming. Production of pistachios from horticultural products and aquaculture in saline waters and camel breeding is another of the agricultural activities of the region.

The existence of diverse mines in this city is very important so that the livelihood of a large part of the population of this city through activities in various mines and related industries, including Chaghart Iron, Chahar, Chah Gaz, Nadegh, Middel, Uranium , An Asteroid Phosphate Mine is supplied with a plant for phosphate condensation, zinc ingots, lead and zinc mineral complexes, construction stones, salt, gypsum, bentonite, etc. In addition to mine-affiliated industries, industrial development infrastructure such as Mobarakeh Industrial Estate and the existence of locomotive repair factories in the country, especially Alstom diesel engines, have provided industrial development and employment opportunities in the city. .

The possibility of development in the field of fisheries with regard to the Fisheries Research Center of the country, the development of native and agricultural products and the possibility of customs and dock due to the location of the city at the intersection of the rail network of the country along with the exploitation of mines and construction of mineral industries The development of the tourism industry, especially in the field of ecotourism, is considered as the potential of the development of the city, due to the presence of the desert in Dranjir and Mount Bafg as Asian asylums.

Bahaba(is a city):

The city is located at the end of the eastern province and 200 km from the center of the province, on a hill between two mountain ranges, with a population of 16461 people and an area of ​​6873 km2, with 2 sections, 3 villages.

Bahabad plain is one of the province’s fertile plains, which is booming due to the richness of its underground aquifers, agriculture and livestock. Among its most important agricultural products can be products such as cotton, saffron, cumin, pistachio, apricot, and Grapes that are of high quality. The existence of diverse medicinal plants is one of the existing capabilities of the city, which can provide opportunities for investment in this field. The city is rich in minerals and minerals such as iron, uranium, coal, asbestos, refractory and decorative stones that are rich and talented, and so far many of its mines have not been exploited. Carpets are among the most important city crafts. Enjoying the benefits of less developed areas is one of the benefits of this city.

Taft:

Taft city is 18 kilometers southwest of the province. The city has an area of ​​5846 square kilometers with three sections and 10 villages with a population of about 45357 people. The Taft climate is semi-arid, which is due to its location in the Shirkouh slopes towards Yazd, with milder summers and more rainfall. Therefore, the major recreation centers of the province are located in this city.

65% of the city’s population is engaged in agriculture and horticulture.

The presence of significant mines including decorative stones, soils, glacashi, lead and zinc and copper, etc., located on the route of the gas transmission line, the existence of two settlements and two industrial zones, the Aliabad copper mine and the Zarishk valley, including the capabilities of the industrial and mining sectors This is the city. The most important handicrafts of this city are carpet weaving and carpet weaving.

Agriculture and livestock farming in this city boasts a significant boom. Products such as pomegranate, almonds, walnuts, apples, pears, sour apples, cherries, peaches, and flowering in the agricultural sector are abundant. In the livestock sector, cattle, sheep and beans are traditionally predominantly poultry, beekeepers.

One of the most important historical and natural attractions of the city is the dome of Sheikh Jounid, Shahlui complex (Husseinieh, Mosque, Monument, Market, Palm, etc.), Imam Hussein, Masjid Jameh Toranpasth, Ski Resort Sakvid, Dashtahan Waterfall and also Sample Tourism Villages , Tazrjan, Deh Bala and Benadoxadat).

One of the important advantages of investment in this city is the suitable climate and therefore investment in the construction of camps, residential and tourist centers, tourism services and the availability of proper capabilities in the agricultural sector, especially in greenhouse and industrial farms, low urban population rates It (38.3%) and its location alongside the Yazd communication path of Shiraz.

khatam:

Khatam city is located 240 km south of Yazd province with an area of ​​8349 km2 and a population of 32330 people. This city consists of two parts: central and Marvast and four villages. This city has its own characteristics due to its geographical location and its adjacent to the provinces of Fars and Kerman.

The bulk of the city is under forest cover. The wild pistachio forests of the “Happiness Garden” and the “Chenar Cute” almond forests are among the vegetation of this region. The existence of abundant water resources, including large aquifers and underground waterways, has paved the way for agriculture in this region. Khatam Artesian well is an example of the abundance of water in this area.

The largest agricultural activity in the province of Yazd (as the most important agricultural pole of the province) is in the area of ​​this city and animal husbandry and livestock farming is another activity of the people of this city.

The most important agricultural products in the wheat, barley, pomegranate, pistachio, especially grapes, apricots, grains and all types of oilseeds, especially sunflowers, are considered to be in the agricultural sector in terms of production level and quality of the province.

Handmade carpets, veils, and carpets are among the important handicrafts of the city.

Bekaa Sheikh Abdullah Marvist, Sheikh Baha al-Din and Seyed Noor-e-Din, Cheshmeh Abalei, Ghala Marvost, Mohammad Bagheri Herat, Gebra located at Sarcheshmeh Mountain and Mohammad Karimkhan and the Mirab Mountain Mills in Herat are considered as tourist attractions of the city.

Among the significant capabilities and potential of the city can be the existence of vast and prestigious agricultural lands, the possibility of creating a conversion and complementary agricultural sector, the existence of two industrial areas of Herat and Marvost, and the presence of several rare earth elements and mineral deposits of decorative rocks and gas pipeline crossings. Arsanjan-Rafsanjan natural and the possibility of development of petrochemical industries. The benefits of less developed areas are among the other advantages of the city.

Ashkazar :

The city of Sadugh is located 22 kilometers northwest of the provincial capital with an area of ​​5517 square kilometers with a population of 30021 inhabitants. The city center of Ashqar is located in the central part of Khezr-Abad and three districts. The main economic activity of the people of the region is in the industrial and agricultural sectors.

Agriculture and livestock in this region are limited to the production of products such as greenhouse crops, sifits, pistachios, pomegranates, grapes, as well as poultry and industrial livestock.

The most important tourist attractions of this city are Rig Mojomour Mosque, Nodoshan Mosque, Sultan Mahmud Complex (Khaneghah, Jami Mosque, Hoseinieh, Abanbar, Monument and Tower), Asabzasar Mill, Caravanserai Shamsi, Abanbar Hafbadghi Azr Abad.

Proximity and easy access of the city to the center of the province, Hasan Neighborhood and convenient access to 6 cities and provinces of Isfahan, the existence of industrial development infrastructure, including two industrial towns, an industrial area, an industrial area, a huge national plan of alloy steel, the existence of mines and mines Natural resources such as copper ore, iron gypsum (Nodooshan districts), construction rocks, clay clay and … have the advantages of less developed areas in Khezr-Abad district of this city is one of the advantages of this city. The tile industry and ceramics are among the industries that have become popular in recent years.

Mehriz:

Mehriz city is located 30 km south of central province with an area of ​​6723 km2 and a population of 44391 inhabitants. It is composed of a central part and five rural districts. The city of Mehriz is known for its natural gifts to the “Garden of Yazd.” In the western part of the city, the Shirkuh heights have led to the formation of rich aquarium aquifers and moderation of its air relative to other parts of Yazd province.

Due to the land fertility of this city, most of the people in this area are engaged in agriculture. These conditions are suitable for cultivation of various types of products such as pistachios, walnuts, almonds, figs, plums, apricots, wheat, barley and greenhouse crops Named

Mehriz city is located 30 km south of central province with an area of ​​6723 km2 and a population of 44391 inhabitants. It is composed of a central part and five rural districts. Mehriz City is known for its natural gifts to “Garden of Yazd”. The continuation of Shirkouh highlands in the western part of the city has led to the formation of rich aquifers and moderate air pollution compared to other parts of Yazd province.

Due to the fertile land of this city, most of the people in this area are engaged in agriculture, and these suitable conditions for cultivation of various types of products can be from pistachios, walnuts, almonds, figs, plums, apricots, wheat, barley and greenhouse crops, and Siffi.

Livestock and Animal husbandry activities in this city traditionally, modern dairy cattle, broiler breeding and beekeeping have a special boom.

The city has many tourist attractions, including the beautiful and beautiful Gharbalibesh Springs, the Amusement Park of Nagorno-kooh, and the glorious glittering works of the city. It is always welcomed by a large number of domestic and foreign tourists. The historic castle, the mountains of Mount Ernan, the Ephraim baths (Anthropology Museum), the castle, the Karounsara and Chapar Khanate, the Zainuddin, the Pahlavanpur Garden, the Pirinarka shrine, and the Sarangdimi Mengabad are considered as other historic and natural attractions in the city of Mehriz.

In the industrial and mining sectors, one can mention the existence of an industrial town, two industrial districts, an industrial area, a 3,000-tonne cement production unit in Bharrook, a lead and zinc mine in Mahdiabad, and construction gems, especially Marmersafidkouh. Among the handicrafts of this city are carpet weaving, forging, serish, ghi-bafi, baskets and fake.

The existence of diverse climate, susceptible water and soil, having suitable infrastructure for industrial development including Industrial Town, Shahrak Sang, Yazdamar Township, Industrial Area of ​​Ernan and Bahadoran, Protected Areas of Kalmand and Bahadoran, on the North-South transit route and close to the center of the province This is one of the other capabilities and potentials of this city.

Meybod:

Meybod city is located 50 km northwest of the province. The city with an area of ​​1266 km2 has a population of about 74,333 people. Meybod includes a central section and two districts of Bafrouya and Shahidieh.

The city of Meybod (city center), with several thousand years old history, is the second urban and commercial center of Yazd province and has been registered in the list of Iranian monuments due to its valuable historical context. This city is the center of Zeilabafi and Iranian handmade pottery and the main base of tile and ceramic production of the province and the country.

The existence of suitable infrastructure for industrial development, including two industrial towns, a special tiling and ceramic area (inauguration), an industrial area, a steel complex and the possibility of developing the steel industry, numerous tiled and ceramic complexes, a significant number of active industrial units The construction and downstream industries of petrochemicals are important advantages of the city’s industrial sector.

The special position of the city of Meybod in terms of the main routes of communication between the north and south of the country (the transit road), the existence of historical tourist attractions (Narriscale, Meybod mosque, the Meybod Caravanserai, the tower, and the dams of Meybod, Chapar Khaneh (Museepest), Ice Crush, Pigeon Tower, Khadijeh Khatun Shrine, Barjin Castle, Pottery Museum, Mehrjard Castle …), handicrafts such as pottery and Zilu, are among other capabilities and potentials of this city.

Yazd :

Yazd city is located in the central part of the province with a population of 526276 people and an area of ​​2,479 square kilometers in 4 cities (Yazd, Zarch, Shahdiyeh and Hamidia), 2 parts and 4 villages. In fact, more than half of the province’s population lives in this city.

The main industrial centers of the province are concentrated in this city. The textile and clothing industries, which are among the important groups of the province’s industry, are mainly active in the city. In addition, the downstream industries of the steel industry, the chemical and plastic industries, wire and cable are also the dominant industry in the city.

The location of the city of Yazd is important in terms of geography and politics, and the existence of the Yazd city has provided the necessary infrastructure for business. In the commercial sector, the city has the potential of chiller capacity, warehouse, and storage facilities for significant commodities.

Despite the restrictions on water resources in the province, agricultural products such as wheat, barley, saffron, pomegranate, pistachio, grapes, greenhouse products and livestock products such as cow’s milk are produced in the city.

The most important tourist attractions of the province, such as Jameqabir Mosque, Ziaieh School, Amir Chakhmagh, Dolatabad Garden, Zoroastrian Temple are located in this city.

One of the important advantages of investment in this city is the centralization of the province, the proper infrastructure for industrial development including industrial settlements, special economic zone, easy access for investors to target markets, technical and engineering services required for industrial activities, health services , Higher education, superior services, expert and efficient workforce and valuable historical texture.

Sima-e-Social, cultural

2-1. Social features:

In the refuge of the mud and mud walls, the culture of the pure and largely intact people of the province, derived from the rich Islamic Iranian culture, has been preserved until today. The people of the Yazd province are noble and Aryan people who have been less mixed with other races due to their geographical location. Their language is Persian with Yiddish dialect, which is seen in local dialects in different regions. The religion of the people, Islam and their religion are Shiite parsley. Followers of other religions, including Zoroastrians, Christians, and Jews, live peacefully in comfort with the majority of Muslims in the province.

The province is proud that the people of the country call it as a negotiant in the court’s ring and their Darbad. The maintenance and public opinion of the national and the general passion for adherence to these values and traditions is the characteristic of the people of the Yazd province. The simplicity and repairing, along with having a morale of satisfaction, patience, patience and sustainability against the difficulties of nature and companion and peaceful coexistence with the court are also the social characteristics of these people.

2-1-1 Population Features:

Based on the general census of population and housing in 2006, the province’s population is over 990,818 (41.1% of the population of the country) with 259,095 households. Nearly 80% of the population is in cities and 20% resides in villages, and the average annual population growth is between 75% and 85%, 2 · 03%. Of the province’s population in 2006, 517,137 men were men and 473,681 were women, hence the proportion of the population of the province is equal to 109. The population density in the province is low and 7.7 per square kilometer. The highest of which is to Yazd city with 2,318 people and the lowest to Tabas city with 1.2 per square kilometer. According to the latest estimates, the province’s population increased to 1035,773 in 2009.

The population of the province increased from 180417 to 1375 between 1385 and 1375, partly due to the fact that the province is being migratory. The number of immigrants arrived in the province during these years was 99,782 and the number of immigrants was 60,428. The net migration to the province is 39,354, representing 3.97% of the province’s population. The major groups of immigrants entering the province are students and job seekers. In 2006, the birth rate in the province was 1.8 percent and the mortality rate was 46.6 percent.

2-1-2. human power and Employment:

The age structure of the population and its age groups represent the status of the province’s population in terms of age. According to the 2006 census, more than 84.4 percent of the province’s population is active. The province’s active population rate in this year is 44.6%, which shows a 0.9% increase compared to the same period in 1996. 80% of the total active population of the province are men and the rest are women, which can represent the majority of men in the province in employment. In 2006, the male activity rate was 65.9 and the rate of women’s activity was 21.6%.

The province’s unemployment rate in 2009 is 9%, which shows a favorable situation in comparison with the 11.9% rate in the country. Also, the share of employment in different sectors of the economy indicates that in 1388 13% of the employees of the province were in the agricultural sector, 43.9% in the industrial sector and 43.1% in the service sector.

2-2 – Cultural features:

Yazd province is one of the old and ancient lands that has long been located among the old and the big provinces of Fars, Isfahan, Kerman and Khorasan, and in the historical period of important passages and passages (through the roads or roads of the province, “the route of Imam Reza (and) The Silk Road has been considered. The culture, customs and national and religious traditions of the people of Yazd, due to being located in the center of Iran and being immune from any foreign invasions, remain untapped, their desire and effort, hospitality and warmth are unique and universal. And adherence to the common religious and national traditions and values ​​and the general desire to adhere to this

Yazd province is from old and historic lands from most of the old and great provinces of Fars, Isfahan, Kerman and Khorasan, and in the historical period of important passages and passages (through the al-Rahaza or road province “, the path of passion for Amagza Reza (S) and the Silk Road. The culture, the traditions and religious and religious rituals of Yazd people are due to the fact that in the center of Iran and the immunity of any of the external attacks, the burden of any of the external attacks, the sacrificial and the efforts of their tribal and the general, and the general, and the general passion of the religious and national, and the general passion of the values and traditions of the prediction of these values and traditions is the characteristic of the people of this land. It is a simplicity and disturbance with the spirit of morality and savings with the mood of the courage and the sacrifice of the coincidence and stability against the natural and constant maths and the sacredity of the nature of the nature and savior and the stability of the nature of the nature and savior and stability along with the moral and restriction of stability and stability against peaceful and restriction and stability along with the natural and constant moraleiness and sacredity of the peaceful and constant spirituality against the natural and constant spirituality and peaceful coexistence against natural constraints and peaceful coexistence against peace restrictions.

Adherence to religious values ​​has made Yazd known to Dar al-‘Abdeh as it landslides its desert and deserted areas. These features have led the province to always be considered as the focus of lasting security, especially from the perspective of Iranians, entrepreneurs and investors.

2-2-1- Training:

Yazd province has a strong foundation in comparison with other provinces of the country, which has an objective foundation in indices such as the bonded rate, the per capita of educational facilities in the educational sections, the student’s ratio to the population and so on. These indicators have had a positive impact on other developmental indicators in the field of health and industrial, industrial and services. The Yazd province has been in the field of bonded with 88.8% of the literacy of 2007 vs. 68.8%. The percentage of the literacy of the country is in the properly “Right-year” country. The number of students in the province was 899 countries’ school in the academic year of 898. The existence of a good school is a major indicator of the province’s education.

The Supreme Educational Centers of the province were over 43 centers, with 70 educational fields in the heads of the Badani, the Bachelor, the Kyrgyz, and Ph.D., and the pharmacological, and for nearly 80,000 students of Yazd province as the scientific pole of the country. Among the centers of Science and Technology, Yazd also include centers that have been interpreted as a bridge between the university and industry and the field of development and research fields in the province. The current center has 172 active companies and 10 growth centers in the city and subsidiary city.

2-2-2-Health and peace:

The quality and healthy indicators indicate that the level of health care providers has a favorable state of the country. There are more than 2650 beds and 20 institutions of therapy, 159 health care and other clinical facilities and paraclinking, which provided the province to one of the country’s polarization, diabetes, heart and cardiac, and cancer, and the presentation of the right opportunity for specialized activities and medical feasis. Nowadays, the ability of the Yazd hospitals is more than adjacent provinces (30%), which is the main external medical and good and inexpensive health care provider in the province.