Shiraz

City of Shiraz  is the center of Fars province in the southwest of Iran. Shiraz, with a population of 1,279,140 (estimated 2006), is the fifth-most populous Iranian city. The geographical location of this city is 1486 meters above sea level on the slopes of the Zagros mountains.

Shiraz is a glorious manifestation of the glorious God and the center of the grave of the children of Mussa ibn Ja’far (AS). Shiraz City is a mystery and need, the city of love and art is a cradle of mystical and romantic thoughts. Shiraz Farsi is a pure, kind and kind, Shiraz Qiblah is a believer with God. Shiraz is the place for the beautiful and beautiful title. Dar al-Fazl, Dar al-Salam, Dar al-Malek, Dar al-Elm and Dar al-Welayeh from this sample.

According to the clay tablets discovered in Persepolis, the name of Shiraz has been mentioned with the words of Ti Razi, which indicates that the city is dating to pre-Islamic times (the text of two clay numbers 42 and 60).

Shir in Persian Avestan means city and secret in the language means secrets. Depending on the grammatical principles, such as the two letters of the same sex, one will be deleted, Shiraraz, Shiraz, means the secret city.

The culture and traditions of our beloved country, Iran, is a valuable legacy that we should give as a gem to it. If we lose our physical and material civilization away from the culture and traditions of the proud, we will only be named after being Iranian. Our victory against the onslaught of the foundation of Western civilization and the advancement of technology, while utilizing it, while affiliated with our own beliefs and customs and adhering to the traditions and culture of the Iranian nation of cultured people. For example, a local song is a remarkable thing about the beauty and way people think of a region that sounds like passionate hearts and their subtle mental reflection.

History

City of Shiraz has been in the past for several periods in the following capital of Iran.

  • Dylmyan Period

Shiraz was the capital of Ali (Emad al-doleh) and Hassan (Rukn-al-Dawlah) and the Azad-AlDowla-e-Dylami (from 322 to 372 AH). Azd al-Dowleh built a new building in Shiraz. During his reign, he built a town called Grefna Khosrow Long market, a palace with a very rich library, the Odesa Hospital, the first monument of Ali ibn Hamzah (a), the Qanat Rukn Abadi and the cradle of the building, and some of them have remained.

  • Atabakan period

City of Shiraz in this period was also the capital . Atabakan tried to rebuild the city. The construction of the Chaharmah bed (current flat garden), the reconstruction of Shiraz, the construction of several markets, water storage, school, hospital and caravanserai, the first monument on the tomb of Hazrat Shahcherag (AS), and the brick brick building Khatun is one of the works of this period. Qanat Zangi and the New Mosque are the remains of the Atabak period.

  • The period of the kings of Al-Injou and Al-Muzaffar

Shiraz was also a reservoir during these dynasties. Of the major works of this period, one can mention the reconstruction of the Shiraz barrage, the construction of a palace in the Ja’far Abad desert, the building of the Massoudiya school, the construction of the house of God in the courtyard of the Aqiq mosque, the rebuilding of the Shah Cheragh monument to Queen Khatun and the construction of the first shrine shrine shrine.

  • Zandieh period

During the reign of Shiraz, Karim Khan Zand (1164-1193 AD) was elected to the capital. Karim Khan tried hard for Abadi Shiraz. Reconstruction of City Barracks, Gate of the City, Construction of the Market, Attorney’s Museums, Attorney’s Bath, Lawyer’s Warehouses, Karim Khani Arg, Kolah Farangi Building (Pars Museum), Building of the House of Court, Reliance on Seven Faces, Restoration of Mazar Poets and Elders of Shiraz, Abad to Shiraz and creating lush gardens from the unique works of Karim Khan Zand in Shiraz.

  • caption and titles of shiraz

From the 6th century AH, poets, rulers and men of government named the city. The most ancient titles include Malik Suleiman (sixth century), Soleiman’s Chapel, Dar al-Malek, Dar al-Elm (1066 AH) Dar al-Fazl (12th century) . In the name of Persian and historical texts, Shiraz has also been renamed various names, the city of Erfan, the city of poets, the Diar of poets, the family of lovers, the city of Gul and Nightingale, the tomb of Saadi, Torbat Hafiz, Diar Hafiz, the cradle of love, the city of love, Nick Men, the city of mystery, has been the name of Shiraz in seven countries and now it is also the cultural capital of Iran, and the second largest literary city in the world, is the third religious city in Iran and the third shrine of Ahl-e- al-Bayt (AS).

Geographical location

The city of Shiraz is located in the center of Fars province. From the north to the cities of Marvdasht and Sepidan, from the east to the cities of Fasa and Estahban, from the south is limited to the cities of Jahrom and Firoozabad, and from the Maghreb to the city of Kazeroon.

The city of Shiraz is located at 33 degrees and 52 minutes east longitude, 39 degrees and 29 minutes north latitude, and its height from the sea level is nearly 1500 meters. It has 6 sections and 21 villages. Its parts are: Central (Shiraz), Sarvestan, Quar, Zarghan, Ergene and Karbal. The area is square kilometers. The census of 1375 solar city has declared the population of the city 1.293.244.

Geographical Location of the city of Shiraz

Shiraz is the capital of Persian province. It lies at 30 ° 25 ‘longitude, 37 ° 29’ longitude. Its height from the sea level is 1590 meters. The area of ​​this city is 12,990 square kilometers, with a length of 90 and a width of 20 to 30 kilometers, varying.

Shiraz is surrounded by relatively high mountains: the northern mountains are: “Mount of forty officials” (between the gates of the Qur’an and Tang Saadi), “Babakouhi” (between Tangullah Akbar and the TV hill), “Mount Mustafa “(Between Eram Campus to Chamran Hospital),” Mount Tosiah “,” Tang Mansour Abad “and” Mount Dreak. “Located west of Shiraz, Mount Dreak, which is like a person lying on the back and with a very prominent abdomen For this reason, in the past, they were also referred to as the “Mustaghy” mountain; the person’s meaning for the belly is prominent. On the east side of Shiraz Mount Qala Bandar “,” Mount Ahmadi “and” Barm Delik “. In the south of Shiraz is the “Mount Qarabagh” and the Green Shrub.

There are two rivers in the Shiraz plain:

First, the dry river that passes through the city and drains the winter waters into the Maharlu Lake. In the old days they were also called “Khorram Darreh”.

Second, the Qarabagh River, which passes through the southern city of Shiraz and flows through the Fasa Bridge to Maharlu Lake.

According to the census of 1375, the population of the city of Shiraz is 1 523/02 people.

According to the census of 1395, the population of Shiraz is 1, 712, 745 people.

Culture people of Shiraz

The people of city of  Shiraz are famous for their hospitality. Of course, some jokingly say that the hospitality of the Haj ebrahim Khan’s era has been plagued by people. When Lotf Ali Khan Zand goes to Shiraz to fight Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar after a hard battle, Lotf Ali Khan comes to Shiraz to regain his strength and finds that Hajj Ibrahim Khan is locked in and closed to Kerman. And there after a few months, the siege will be killed by Qajar Agha Mohammad Khan. On this account, some people believe that the Shirazi are well-received and bad. The people of Shiraz, in contrast to Isfahan, who are calculators, spend most of their time in recreation and entertainment. They are less concerned with the consequences of thinking and saving. This is one of the Shirazi’s proverbs, which is a hundred dollars, they eat two hundred tomans, or they love a tree shadow and a pink salmon hookah. Of course, they are not less in terms of culture and knowledge than elsewhere. Shiraz, with the blessing of such great figures as Mulla Sadra, Hafez and Sa’di, enjoy a high religious level in terms of literature and culture. Shiraz is famous for Dar al-‘Elm and Shahr-e-Aras. In the 13th century Shiraz was the leading center in science and technology. For the sake of encouraging the rulers and the existence of the scientists and artists of this city, it was called by the old geographers of Dar al-Elm.

History of city of Shiraz

Shiraz is named in the historical documents “Shirazis” “Tirazis” and Shiraz. Before Islam, Shiraz was a fortress located at the castle of Abu Nasr. It dates back to the Sassanid era before it. During the Bani Umayyad, the city is transferred to the current location at the expense of the destruction of the old capital of the capital of Fars province. Shiraz during the Safavids, Al Boyeh and Zandieh were the capital of Iran. Before the construction of the railway, Shiraz traveled through Iran to southern ports like the Bushehr port, but the role of rail was less.

etymology

The name of the city of Shiraz is taken from the name of the castle around the current Shiraz at the site of the castle of Abu Nasr. As it is known, during the construction of this city, the name of this castle is located on the city of Shiraz. In the excavation of Persepolis under the supervision of George Cameron in 1314, the solar system led to the emergence of Elamite clay, with a number of them being referred to a castle called “Tirasis” or “Sharris”. Also, the seals related to the late Sassanid and early Islam were found at the palace of Abu Sasserah. Which contains the name of Shiraz. Ibn Hughul , a Muslim geographer of the 4th century AH, regards the image of Shiraz as a similarity to this land, because, in his words, generally, the grocery was transported to other areas and they did not go anywhere. According to the Tedesco research of Shiraz, the grape center is good.

Dialect of Shiraz

Although the alphanumeric skeleton of the Persian language has become more or less over the centuries in the original text and the main vocabulary of words, but the substructure of words and sentences has undergone many changes under conditions of economic and social conditions. The words that have not been used in the material culture of the people have been abandoned, words have been accepted by some changes, and alien words have been used without change and their foreign form has been used in Persian. Undoubtedly, before a language becomes commonplace as a formal language, local dialects have the same value, but as standard language was created in the land, then other local dialects have their own functional and social values. The vast surface of the country loses.

Although the Shirazi dialect continuously embodies the official language of the country. There is still a difference in the accent with the official accent, and there are still some words, terms, and combinations in this accent that are alien to non-Shiraz. Many of the words used in the Shirazi dialect are recorded with the same common pronunciation and meaning in Shiraz in authentic cultures and are a sign of the correctness of these words.

Here are brief references to some of the literal features and rules of this dialect. In Shirazi’s dialect, it is based on the type of word on various syllables of the Persian language, which changes with the local change of the meaning of the meaning. Of course, this particular issue is not Shiraz’s accent and includes the Persian language. For example:

Aghoo ” with A short” means “father and god” means a mullah or a sijd. The general principle in this pronunciation dialect is as simple as words, which requires the language of Shiraz. Therefore, if we examine all the names, verbs, constraints, etc., we will see this accent, while in each of these categories a fixed structure is followed, wherever the language of Shiraz is required, it is structured For example, most of the words ending in the official Persian to the long vowel (a = A) in the Shirazi dialect are short vowels (o =), such as: Ba , Boo, Bala: Balo, Baba: Babo, Hala: Haloo, Kaka: Kako.

All of these words, alone or in combination with other words, make this change, but words like foot, healing, ending up with a long vowel (a) do not accept change alone, and only in combination with other words, their endings Become short-lived (o). For example, healing, if he or she occurs, can be used to express the long vowel (u) (he) at the end of the word as a recipe.

(medad _ a medadu) (ketab ketaboo) (Gaw-Gawo).

The same is the description of the words in the words of the expression of unpublished moves. After deleting the short vowel (e) (-e-), the word is converted to (ow):

(Name _ _ Namo) (Shishe _ shishu) (khoneh-khono) (Shone _ Shunu)

Regarding the use of verbs, it is customary to follow the official grammar, and again, wherever the language of Shirazi is required, the silhouette has changed.

(Beshkan-boshkun) (mijooyam_ mojouram)

The pronouns (in) and (an) are changed in Shirazi to (E) and (ina) and their sum (oona) .The practical meaning of Me (man), Tara (Tar), Mara (mar)

At the end of the word after the alphabet in the Shirazi dialect are pronounced:

(Chah_ Cha) (Roobah Rabb) (Shah Sha) (ma. Mah)

(b = b) At the end, some words in the two professions in the Shiraz dialect are converted to (ow).

(Ab _ oo) (Tab _ too) (lab _ loo).

In a number of words that are in the middle of a letter, when pronouncing A, it converts to WoW:

(Arzan_Arzun) (Takan-Takun) (Jan_Joon)

In Shiraz, the people of the older neighborhoods still speak the Shirazi dialect, for the rest of the people, for example, the accent of the merchants and the inhabitants of the Sadi gate, the water lips, the gate of the butcher of the house, the gate of the king of Daiollah …. The obvious difference with the accent of the people and the people of other places Has a city.

Ancient and Saturetic Works of Shiraz:

  • Quran Gate
  • Tomb of Khajavi Kermani
  • saw the cradle
  • Martaz Ali’s well
  • Karimkhani Arg
  • Hafez’s tomb
  • Saadi’s tomb
  • Narandschestan-e-Qavam
  • Persepolis
  • Pasargad
  • Rostam’s role
  • Vakil Market

Religious and Pilgrimage Places:

One of the most important features of Shiraz is the glorious blessings of God. The holy shrines of the dear sons of Hazrat Musa bin Ja’far and other beauties, such as the brilliant stars of the city, have paved the palace. Avent Mubarak These sacred places are a clear part of the hearts of believers and consolation of the hearts of the indifferent people. In addition to the pilgrimage sites, the location of the array of architecture, poetry, literary, painting, carving and tiling is the work of Shirazi artists. The people of Shiraz, ultimately, respect and protect these spiritual and cultural heritage, and endeavors in the pilgrimage of pilgrimages. This collection briefly describes the supreme personality of some of these impostors who are obliged to attend. It is hoped that the pilgrims and beloved travelers will benefit from their blessings.

  • The holy shrine of Hazrat-e- Shah cheragh (as)
  • The holy shrine of Hazrat-e- Seyyed Mir Mohammad
  • The holy shrine of Hazrat Seyyed Ala Al-Din Hussein
  • Tomb of Shahid Dastgib
  • Tomb of Ali Ibn Hamzeh
  • Tomb of Seyed Tajd Al-din-e- Gharib
  • Tomb of Imam Zadeh ebrahim
  • Tomb of the Imam Zadeh Zanjiri
  • Other places of pilgrimage and Imam Zadegan Shiraz

The important Prominent Around Shiraz:

Bemo National Park

Bemo National Park is located in Marvdasht, with a beautiful fountain, 18 kilometers north of Shiraz. From Shiraz attractions. The clear water of the fountains is on the slopes of this mountain.

Kuhmaray-e-Sorkhi Waterfall

In 50 km from Shiraz, Kazeroun runs through the Kuhmara Sorkh Road, a region with lush trees and delicious waterfalls.

Missing Paradise (Tang Bastanek)

A beautiful and legendary area of ​​nature that is very beautiful, well-maintained and lush. Its main name is Tang-e Bastankeh and it is known for its glorious attraction to the lost paradise.

Margoon waterfall

The beautiful waterfall of Farghuniz Marghun is a part of the green and forest head valleys in the west of the Sepidan city. This waterfall is 70 meters high and 100 meters wide at 45 Km distance from Ardakan and 130 kilometers from Shiraz.

Lake Maharlu (salt lake)

Lake Maharlou is located 15 km from Shiraz-Fasa Road.

Other recreational activities include:

Jushak Springs: In 24 kilometers northwest of Shiraz.

Shesh pir_ Springs: In 15 kilometers of Sepidan city, in the beautiful lake I can catch six old fishermen and it is very spectacular in the spring.

Cholehgah: With lush trees and water springs, the city of Sepidan is 5 miles from Yasuj, with amenities including sanitary, plumbing and electrical water.

Tang-e-Tizab: With lush trees, water springs and beautiful river is 30 kilometers from the Sepidan road to Yasuj. WC, WC, electricity, water pipe and tent. A suitable place for summer tourism.

Skiing: 5 km from Sepidan is a ski resort in southern Iran. The required equipment, such as a lift and other equipment, is provided on this track.

Pirbonab SPIRING  (Pirbenoo): 15 km south of Shiraz.

Droudzan dam: 100 km northwest of Shiraz.

Bahman Wing: On the Karaghagh River, 60 km south of Shiraz (Kavar District).

Souvenir Shiraz:

Due to the many gardens and golestan in the city and beyond, it is considered the city of distillates. In the city of Shiraz, the best and newest substances, each of which in addition to flavor, are also medicinal and medicinal properties. These are the sweat of Shatra, Nastaran, Bidimashk, Atajr, Tarvine, Orange Spring, Peppermint Cetaceans, Chicory, Syrup to Lemon and Orange, Bacon and Kayalak from this sample, each of which has its own properties.

Other souvenirs from Shiraz include lemons, bergamot and orange spring.

Crafts such as Khatamkari Fars, silvering, pottering, woodcarving and carpet weaving are among the most important souvenirs in Shiraz.

Natural sweets and syrups are the best souvenirs in Shiraz. Sweets of Shatrah, Nastaran, Bidimyshak, Attrag, Taroonah, orange spring, prawns of forty plants, chicory, syrup to lemons and oranges, bogs and keels are from this specimen, each of which has its own properties.

Golab Meymand is one of the most important souvenirs of Fars and Shiraz.

In the book Masalak and Mamalek,  writes: “The Golab-Fars rose up to the Diyar of Hijaz and Yemen and the dinner, and Egypt, and the Maghreb and Khorasan, and the water of the Tarehna was flooded there and they did not dwell anywhere, saffron and water of will (Bidimyshk (Better than the other one)

Abu Ryhan-e-birooni writes in Sedina’s book:

The flower from which it comes from the rose is from Fars to the free flower. The land of Fars throughout the Ghaznavid era was known for golaz flower. Although in the past, Golab Yazd, Isfahan, and Basra had official names, Fars province was the most important center for producing rose water and various perfumes.

Other souvenirs from Shiraz and Fars province include:

  • Chocolate of Shiraz
  • Lime Tart Jahrom
  • Jahrom dates
  • Sweet Fasa Bread
  • Halvay-e-Ardeh and Cream Bread
  • Halvay-e-Lar
  • Haj badam and Kamaj Nai Riz Bread
  • Darab orange
  • Giweh Abadeh
  • Arsenjan pomegranate paste