Kerman province with an area of more than 285/183 square kilometers and covering about eleven percent of the country’s largest province is located in the southeast of Iran, and historically, the history of residence in this area reaches the fourth millennium BC .
Cultural, historical and valuable treasures have evolved over time in the province, illustrating the historical and social life of this region. Kerman province has a dynamic economy and has a boom in agriculture and all kinds of industries. The only brick city in the world (Bam) belongs to the BCE millennium, and the beautiful city of Kerman, along with dozens of ancient, natural and architectural works in this area, has always fascinated tourists and impressive Tourists will showcase this region.
This province is currently home to 23 municipalities, 58 districts, 71 cities, 151 rural districts, and 11697 settlements. It is one of the centers of civilization and has historical and tourism backgrounds, artifacts and agricultural, industrial and The mineral has a special place and the potential of industrial, mineral, agriculture in this province provides a suitable platform for economic development.
Spectacular and historic places
There are more than 600 monuments registered in Kerman province, which include the Mahal Prince Garden, Fath Abad Garden, the Bam Arg, the Rhine Valley, the Kerman Market, the historic Meymand Village, the historic site of Halil Rood, etc.
Other spectacular and historic places of Kerman province are: Lut Desert, Thousand Mountains, Jupar, Laleh Zar, High Garden, Khaybar, Qibla, Ruins of the City of Karmdin, Goblia Dome, Khajeh Atabak Tomb, Ghahga Castle, Valeh Castle, Dostbakhsh Meshtaghieh Malek mosque, Jame Mosque, Imam Mosque, Qaleh Soodek, Dahimand Cemetery, Mazandaran Shah Nematollah Vali, Steg Castle, Shahzadeh Hossein Shrine, Ganqa Ali Khan Bath, Lawyer’s Collection, Ibrahim Khan’s Collection, Ganjal Kayal Square, Forty Mosque Columns, Temple of Shah Firouz, Ardeshir Castle, Fortress of Girl, Coin Museum, Rhine Castle, New Bam Character, Green Dome, Takht-e-Gholibek.
Industries and Mines
Industries of Kerman Province are divided into two categories: handicrafts and machinery. Handicrafts include shawls, pates and walnuts, which do not have the same flavors as the former flourish.
Workshop workshops such as: carpet weaving, Jajim weaving, knitting and weaving are among the most popular industries in the province.
The industrial machinery of the province is divided into three categories: small, medium and large workshops.
The most important mother industries in Kerman province include: Barkat Factory, Kark Factory and Qatar Zarand, Thai Aluminum Factory, Three Cement Production Plant, Shahid Bahonar Copper Factory and several downstream copper industries including concentrates, anode and cathode, factories Coal concentrate, Pegah Milk Factory, Zamzam Plant, and Bam Automotive Industries.
The Bam automotive industry has become the third-largest automobile manufacturer since the expansion of trade within the framework of the Economic Development Triangle, with production of about 80,000 vehicles in 2015 and direct employment for seven thousand people.
Kerman province, the country’s largest producer of minerals, has more than a third of the value of mineral products.
The existence of two major mines – the Sarcheshmeh copper mines and the Sirjan iron ore and the existence of more than 4.3 billion tons of mineral deposits – is evidence of the claim that the most important ones are:
Copper with a definite reserve of 1.7 billion tons of iron ore with a final supply of 1.6 billion tons, coal with a final supply of 240 million tons, chromite with a final supply of 10 million tons, titanium with a definite supply of 147 million tons, and exports of steel 1 / $ 16 billion.
Identifying more than 40 different types of minerals indicates the province’s valuable capabilities in this field.
The mines in the province play a valuable role in supplying the raw materials needed by the country’s industries and turn the wheels of the industry around the province and the country. Coal mines provide part of the needs of the Isfahan Steel Company. Sarcheshmeh Kerman Copper Resources, which are certified by the experts as the richest and cleanest copper mines in the world, are among the special economic characteristics of Kerman province.
From the economic point of view, the special and free trade zone of Sirjan has increased the importance of Kerman province. This special area is also important from the point of view of tourism development, regardless of the effects that it has on the overall economic development of the province. Sirjan is the main transit route for the transportation of goods to the countries of the East of Iran, as well as Europe and the Persian Gulf, and the route of all commercial goods from the port of Shahid Rajaee Hormozgan to the countries of Central Asia, the Caucasus and Russia. In fact, this city is the connecting point of all transit axes and freight transportation from the south to the north, east and west of Iran and other northern, eastern and western parts of Europe and the Persian Gulf. Through the main transit of land (road and rail) through the port Shahid Rajaee passes through the city and the special economic zone to the big and industrialized provinces of the country (Kerman Fars Yazd). This region has a significant role in the economic structure of Kerman province as a special economic pole on the basis of the advantages of loading, and in the future, the importance of this economic status will be added.
Etymology and historical background
The name of Kerman has been in the pre-Islamic period, “Botia” and “Karamania”. Some believe that Kerman has been transformed into the word “Kariman”, and some also refer to it as derived from the old “Karmania” meaning “the place of bravery and battle.” While the Arabic and Jewish chronicles, “Kerman” are children of the Heathal or Heptal of the Negebites of Noah, Persian books of Tahmourth as their ancestor. Herodotus names six Persian breeds, one of which is the “Germans”. The center of Kerman was called “Gavashir” and “Bardshir” in the old days. Gavashir was originally the “Ardashir Dam”, the city of Ardashir, which has gradually become “gouacheer”.
Historically, the history of human settlement and settlement in Kerman dates back to the fourth millennium BC. This region is one of the oldest regions of Iran. The existence of any historical space in Kerman represents some of the angles and dimensions of the lives of the people and the governments of this border. Establishment and destruction, restoration and destruction, all indicative of the vibrant life of this unknown age. Some of the historical monuments of Kerman compared to cities like Isfahan and Shiraz are due to the damage that has caused the horrible events of history in this region. The very few works also signify the ability, sustainability and endeavors of the people of this area of the country.
Kerman Province is located in the southeast of Iran and is located north of Khorasan and Yazd provinces, south of Hormozgan Province, east of Sistan and Baluchestan and neighboring Fars with west. The province is geographically located between 55 ° 25 ‘to 32 ° north latitude and 26 ° 53’ to 29 ° and 59 ° east of the Greenwich meridian. This province is one of the highest provinces in the country and its texture is 2250 meters above sea level, the highest city in the province.
The rainfall is about 120 mm per year.
Agriculture and Livestock
The most important agricultural products of the province include wheat, barley, potatoes, pistachios, henna, wessami, cumin, cotton and sugar beet. A variety of cold products including walnuts, almonds, pears, peaches, sour apples, plums, cherries and apple trees, as well as citrus products (oranges, sweet lemons, sour lemons, tangerines, oranges and grapefruits) and dates are produced. These products are cultivated in Bam, Jiroft, Shahdad and southeastern regions of Baft.
Citrus Shahdad has a special quality and good reputation in Iran. More than 95% of Iran’s pistachio is produced from Kerman province, which accounts for more than 87.5% of country pistachio gardens. In the city of Kerman province, which has pistachio gardens, Rafsanjan has the first rank with over 70% of total pistachio production and pistachio garden.
Regarding climatic conditions and the amount of water resources and social status and land cultivation methods, Kerman province is divided into three agricultural regions.
- Areas of dry and desert agriculture (Rafsanjan, Zarand, Sirjan, etc.)
- Moderate mountainous regions (texture, bardsir etc.)
- Tropical agricultural areas (Bam, Jiroft, Kahnoj etc.)
Livestock farming in the province is carried out in rural, nomadic and industrial ways. However, livestock breeding does not have a high boom due to the lack of fertile soil and the limitation of lush meadows.
Natural attractions of Kerman province
Kerman province due to its natural features has wide plains and extensive desert areas, some of which, such as plains and bay areas, are widely used by tourists, while others such as desert spaces used There are desert tours in the tourism industry of Iran.
Kerman Province, along with its endless desert, and the beauties of the desert, also enjoy special areas of the countryside and beautiful landscapes of geology. Landscapes can be found in this area, which are found elsewhere. The hills or the sand dunes (sand dunes) that are formed due to wind blowing and displacement of sand and their shape and size are constantly changing due to wind blowing are one of the most attractive geomorphic forms of Kerman province. . Desert climate for half a year is desirable and the mountains of the province are also for the other half of the year.
Shahdad Desert is always a catchy scientist, scholar, and nature lovers.
Beautiful silence, infinite sky, calm nights, salt layers, thousands of high and snowy summits, beautiful lakes of Hamoon, numerous mineral springs, palm trees of Bam and dozens of natural and different natural features in the province. Kerman has gathered together and has created a perfect place for natural tourism in Kerman province.
Rivers, Springs and Waterfalls in Kerman Province
The most important river in this area is the Halilroud, with important branches such as Zardasht from Gohar, Baft of Laleh Zar, Rabr of Al Fatheh (Shah kuh), Til of Mount Thousand Esfandagheh from the summits of Esfandakeh, and after drinking Jiroft and Kahnouj City comes to Hamoon Jazmourian. The vegetation of this water-catching area is remarkable, and due to the permanent presence of mountain snow, there is constant water. The most important recreational facility is the surrounding area and the lake behind the Jiroft Dam, which is sometimes circulating.
Other rivers of this province are: Ab_Bakhshain Bardsir, Ravar in the Rawar area, news in the area of the news of Baft, the Tengwiya River (Punjabi) in Sirjan, Ibrahimabad, Andohajerd, Abarkhak, Ashshar Esfandagheh, and … ….. The mineral springs of this area are also one of the most important natural attractions of the region.
was Scattered many springs dispersed in different regions of Kerman province, namely: Hussein Abad Springs, Rhine, Cheshmeh castle of Askar, Ghasem Abad mineral springs, Tahatoon Mineral Springs, Ghargaher Mineral Springs (Tobacco), Mineral Water Basin of Abraq, Bojan Mineral Water Spring, Reza Abad Mineral Springs, Pachnar Mineral Water Spring, Bash Mineral Water Spring, Hesain Abad Springs, Abad Avaran Mineral Springs, Opytarabad Mineral Springs, Mineral Water Spring, Avangard Water Spring, Fountains of Mineral Water Mineral water Bob Tengel (Qadamgah), Mineral Water Bafra, Mineral Water Spring Wind Pond & etc
touristic area_natural Special kerman province
The village of Meymand in Kerman province is just one example of the tourist attractions of the province. This ancient village is one of the few rock architecture that has been used extensively throughout the village structure. Rocky architectural specimens, although few in other countries, but none of the cultural, historical and tourist attractions of Meymand. As an example, the most important feature of this village, compared to other places like the Turkish Cappadocia Village, is the resilience of the Meymand rock formations, which can be seen on similar sites.
Mahan country yard, beautiful desert of Shahdad, city desert, Jupar fortress, Rhine dunes, Hamoon Jazmourian lake, mountain peak, beautiful peaks of the thousand, Daleh village, residential villages, Dalfard villages, villages in Tharzar, Leipzig Rab, stone gardens Bannan Bayland, Asfandagh Village, Scattered Villages in the Landing Mountains, along with areas containing mineral springs, are among the special tourist areas of Kerman province that are able to attract tourists and nature lovers.
Social attraction of Kerman province
Each of the Iranian societies has its own social attractions. Native livelihoods, traditional and ancient ceremonies, local cuisines, homemade sweets and customs that govern various events, including social attractions in various regions of Iran, all of which are the social lifestyle of the peoples of each area. Nomadic ecosystems are one of the most interesting spots in Kerman province, which can serve the development of tourism.
In Kerman province, as in other parts of Iran, celebrations and rituals are divided into three categories: national, local, and religious, which are of great importance among national celebrations; ancient Norouz. Like other Iranian provinces, Kerman province has a variety of traditional and tasty cuisine, some of which are held on special occasions and many in the normal form throughout the year. Kerman Province has its own unique and beautiful attractions in its various social layers, familiarizing them with the most important features of social tourism.
More than 110 universities and institutions of higher education, 700 mosques, 400 cultural and artistic centers in mosques and 122 library, including cultural and artistic capacities of Kerman province.
With the implementation of the economic development triangle of the province by the government of Tadbir and Omid, a 75 thousand billion Rials of the Investment Memorandum have been signed in the province. In line with this initiative, the revenue of the province’s customs grew by 112%.
In 2014(1393herical), 385,833 tons of goods worth 1 billion 166 million 685 thousand and 337 dollars were exported through the customs of Kerman province, most of which were pistachio, pistachio, ceramic tile, cement, dates and copper artifacts have been.
In the same year, 112,565 tons of goods were imported at a value of 719 million and 18 thousand and 312 dollars, up from a year ago 66 percent and 57 percent, respectively.
Among the transportation and tourism facilities in the province, the country’s largest and most successful private airline is Mahan Air and five active airports, with four of them internationally operating.
There are two national railway lines from Kerman province and many transit roads are highway provinces.
The most important bottlenecks and problems facing the development of Kerman province
Lack of water and droughts has been a major challenge for Kerman province, which has brought migrants to cities and a great deal of marginalization.
The lack of electricity in Kerman province, which currently consumes around 2,000 MB of power, while the power generation capacity is 1,500 MB, will require 5000 MB of electricity in the near future, taking into account industrial development plans in Kerman province.
The breadth of Kerman province has made it difficult to prepare the infrastructure of communication routes due to the dispersion of the population, so that from 29 thousand kilometers of the required roads of the provinces, only 11 600/11 kilometers were built.
1564 ongoing government projects are one of the most important challenges facing the government in the province. In this province, without considering the inflation rate, it is necessary to pay ten trillion USD, while the maximum amount of 500 billion USD is allocated annually in the province, however It takes about 15 years to complete these projects.